In medicine, one of the biggest concerns there is is how to prevent the spread of germs and infections. This is actually one of the leading causes of death in surgery. Many times, a wound or injury itself doesn’t kill you, but rather the ensuing infection. So in a profession where you often will intentionally cut a person open, finding ways to keep germs from entering the body is paramount. This has lead to the use of modern sterilization.
Sterilization is the removing of bacteria and other microscopic life forms from a given tool or space. If one can successfully get rid of these micro-organisms, then the chance of them harming a patient is very slim. So there are actually quite a few different ways of going about doing this.
- There are cleaning agents (like this one: https://www.wwemsequip.com/disinfectant-sterilizer-solution-good-14-days-after-activation-1-gallo-p28155) that can be used to wash materials which kill bacteria.
- High temperatures also can do the trick.
- UV light exposure is sometimes used to get rid of germs.
- Even steam can be employed.
Aside of basic sterilization, there are other ways to keep germs away. Using disposable medical tools is another solution.
For more on how sterilization is done, check out this video: